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China is the fastest-growing country in the high-speed railw

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分类:123/都市资讯/

There is no doubt that China is the fastest-growing country for high-speed rail and the fastest-growing country for high-speed rail. In response, some netizens asked why the United States and Western developed countries did not cultivate high-speed rail. Do they have no money to build? Why the United States and Western developed countries do not cultivate high-speed rail Western countries are not not to repair high-speed rail, the United States is no exception

Although it is recognized that the world's first truly high-speed railway was built in 1964 in Japan, it is the Shinkansen in Tokaido. The high-speed railway started in Tokyo, passing through Nagoya and Kyoto, and finally arrived in Osaka. It has a total length of 515 kilometers and a speed of over 210 kilometers per hour. However, as early as the second half of the 18th century, the United States built a link between east and west. High-speed rail, trial speed is also far ahead. For example, the M-479 black beetle jet locomotive of the New York Central Railway has a linear acceleration speed of up to 300 kilometers per hour. The car uses two J-47 jet engines. The bomber's power train train shows how fast it can be. But then it was gone.

With the emergence of Japan's first high-speed rail, Germany, France, and Italy have also built high-speed railways, such as the southeastern and Atlantic TGV lines in France, and the high-speed railways from Rome to Florence in Italy. The completion of these high-speed railways has also greatly promoted the development of the local economy and society and facilitated the travel of residents. In the 1990s, Western countries set off a wave of high-speed rail construction and gradually formed a high-speed rail network in Europe. In other words, Europe has actually had a high-speed railway of a certain scale. Only the United States has not built high-speed rail.

The United States and Western developed countries do not build high-speed railways like China. There are many reasons for this, and they have their own difficulties. The first is the issue of land acquisition. In Western countries, land acquisition is a major problem. Because the western privatization of land, whether it is large-scale infrastructure construction or other aspects of construction, as long as the landlors do not agree, they can only give up. For high-speed rail, it is either abandonment or detour, which greatly increases the scale of investment. Under such circumstances, the government will be very cautious when formulating high-speed rail construction plans.

The second is the stability of the policy. Don't look at what Western countries have always emphasized about democracy. However, these Western-style democracy also bring a lot of uncertainty to government decision-making. Especially for long-term projects like high-speed rail, once political parties change, it is very likely to bring problems that are difficult to continue. Once such a phenomenon occurs, the investment in the high-speed rail will have problems, and losses will be inevitable. Therefore, it has affected the enthusiasm of Western developed countries to build high-speed rail. .

The third is that other transportation is developed. In the United States, for example, Americans advocate liberalism. They like to drive their own cars. They love to fly by plane and have low demand for high-speed rail. And the United States is known as the nation on the wheel, and there are more than 200 million vehicles for 300 million people. Why is the high-speed rail first in the United States, but it has not been officially put into operation like Japan, and may be related to American culture, dependence on cars, and developed air traffic. In European countries, the size of the country is small, and it is not necessary to use high-speed rail to meet the needs of transportation. Private cars can be completed. Therefore, it is not necessary to build a high-speed rail on a large scale, and it only needs to be built far away.

Developing countries need more high-speed railway support. Unlike developed countries, developing countries, especially those with large population, large land area and relatively backward economy, are much more meaningful than Western developed countries. First of all, building a railway is an important means of stimulating economic growth. It is conceivable that most of China's high-speed railways were built after the financial crisis. When exports are severely hampered and the economy is under downward pressure, it is the time when investment is the most needed. Naturally, high-speed rail is one of the most important means of pulling. Facts have also proved that the effect of this means on stabilizing the economy is very obvious.

Second, this is an important way to resolve regional imbalances. China and India are both large in size and have obvious differences in natural conditions. The economy and residents' lives in developed and underdeveloped areas are also very different. As the saying goes, if you want to be rich, you should build the road first. It is a very important means to build economic development through the construction of railways. It can be said that in the areas along the high-speed rail, the economy has undergone significant changes, and residents' lives have also improved significantly. Therefore, in the future, India will certainly take important steps in building high-speed rail.

Third, this is the fundamental solution to the traffic problem. It has a large population, a wide distribution and a large population movement, which is the biggest feature of developing countries, especially emerging developing countries. If there is no good traffic conditions, it will not work. Even though the roads are relatively developed, they have not fundamentally solved the traffic problem. Practice has proved that the role of high-speed railways in solving the problem of traffic tension is very huge. At the end of the fast exam, the 8-year-old Fuzhou boy Xiao Feng raised a question, and many parents and teachers could not answer. The problem is: the Chinese textbook in the second grade of elementary school has an article "Spraying the Nine Days". The previous paragraph just mentioned "the water in the river is steamed out", and the next paragraph mentions that "he passed through ninety-nine." A big river, came to the east coast, how is it?

This question was selected in the text section of "Spraying the Nine Days". It was taken to the circle of friends by Ms. He and asked the master to answer. The river is steamed and dried. How do you cross the river? The 8-year-old boy questioned the elementary school textbook! People's education society responds
Unexpectedly, the friend circle blasted the pot at once, and she quickly received a bunch of answers. Ms. He’s circle of friends’ pictures, Ms. He said that recently, when the son studied this text, he raised this question in class. The teacher said “good question”, but the answer is nothing, the teacher did not answer. After Xiao Feng went home, she asked her mother, and her mother couldn’t answer it, and she asked for advice in a circle of friends.

At that time, many teachers and parents praised Xiao Feng. They said that many primary school students had learned "Spraying the Nine Days", but few people found the problems, and no one dared to ask why. But what is the answer, everyone can't say. On June 14, People's Education Publishing House (hereinafter referred to as the People's Education Association) responded to Xiao Feng's question in the official Weibo. In response, the People's Education Society affirmed Xiao Feng's questioning and acknowledged the context of the contact. The word "趟" was indeed inappropriate. The textbook writing team is seriously studying and will make appropriate modifications to the textbooks. The next version of the textbook will solve this problem.

The People's Education Society explained that "Silvering the Nine Days" is a classic mythical story in China. This text in the primary school Chinese textbook is a reference to "New Myths and Stories" (Editor Yuan Wei, China Youth Press, 1963) and "China" In the book "Xia Shang Zhou" (Yunnan Education Press, 2010) and other books on the "Spraying the Nine Days" section of the rewriting, designed to let students feel the charm of ancient Chinese mythology. Myths are full of magical imaginations and there are many exaggerated descriptions. For example, “the water in the river is steamed out” is to highlight the disasters caused by the ten suns. “Turning over ninety-nine mountains and crossing ninety-nine rivers” is also an exaggeration. Express his power.

The People's Education Association expressed its gratitude to everyone for their concern about the editing of textbooks. They will take every proposal seriously and continue to make the textbooks more perfect. Welcome to the “Teaching and Feedback Platform for Teaching Materials for Primary and Secondary Schools” and the People’s Daily Online Comprehensive Channel City Newspaper. People's Education Publishing Official Weibo Jianghe Language Yuan Yu Yunnan Article Fuzhou People's Network I think there is nothing wrong with the textbooks, the rivers are dry, the Xiaohe River is dry, the Yanjiang River, the Youjiang River, the Zuojiang River, the Lancang River, the Pearl River, the Yangtze River, the Yellow River, etc. How can it be dry, now the primary school students don't understand, adults still don't understand? The children’s doubts are no problem, as long as they are explained, they will understand. Textbooks are researched and decided to combine the learning content of modern education. How can we change the textbook to change the textbook?

The pig brain curriculum reform expert, Zhu Ziqing's prose and good ancient poetry have been changed, Jay Chou's essays can go to the elementary school textbooks, think about how terrible Chinese education, stepping through the ninety-nine riverbed, showing his contempt The fearless spirit, this context is smooth. [捂脸] The knowledge of elementary school became the emperor's new clothes. No one dared to ask questions. Only the children dare Lu Xun: There are two trees outside the window, one is the jujube tree, the other is the jujube. tree. Chinese textbook: Lu Xun used the jujube tree to express his critique of the real society and the cry of the feudal old society. Lu Xun: There are really two trees outside the window... A cross talk says that there is a child who wants to eat a fritter and two duck eggs before the exam, because it symbolizes 100 points, but he only takes one point after eating, because he eats first. Duck eggs. This little superstition I saw when I was a child. I really had a classmate who had a "100 points" on the morning of the exam. But I ate a fritter and two biscuits. I wanted to eat so many sweet and greasy pasta. The brain was stunned and it was harder to test 100 points.

Today's children also have their own pre-test small superstitions. A relative's child only went to elementary school, but every day on the exam, he paid attention to it. His attention was on wearing shoes. He could never wear "Xtep" and wear "Nike" because the logo of Xtep is a red. The fork, Nike is a red hook, of course, the red hook is popular on the test paper, and a red cross does not appear. Many jealousy and superstitions in life that are difficult to refuse are related to specific cultural symbols. Nike and Xtep shoes are visual and auditory. The most obvious is the Chinese people's taboo on "4". This is the fault of the homophonic sound, although some people use the note pronunciation to read "14" as "all hair", but people who do not understand music can not turn this corner.

The 14 brothers of 14 are also unlucky. In Western countries, because of the influence of Christian culture, 13 is a formidable unlucky number, because it is said that Jesus was crucified on the 13th. Imagine if a person is influenced by both Chinese and Western cultures, then he may be very jealous of both the 13 and 14 numbers, so that even the number "1314" representing "Lifetime" is not used. It is Adding trouble.

But there are also people with clear ideas, such as a friend of mine, who loves traditional customs and watches the old yellow calendar every day, but he is not superstitious about the yellow calendar. For example, one day he had something to go out, but the yellow calendar said, "It’s not appropriate for everything today." He did not follow it, but searched for the astrology map. It is likely that the astrological map said that he had good luck today, then he Just decided to believe in the constellation today, leaving the old yellow calendar behind. He said that looking at the Huang Li and the horoscope is a happy look, giving himself a psychological comfort, so he is not blindly obedient, only a good letter. His seemingly superstitious approach is actually out of superstition.
Small superstitions that are difficult to refuse in life

Almost no one can completely avoid superstition. After all, we are all flesh and blood that are dominated by emotions and fearful and hopeless. It is impossible to be completely rational like a robot. In the past, the American basketball world had a star player named Jason Terry. He had two small superstitions when he played. One was wearing a hair band and the other was wearing stockings. This is the fixed line of every game in his entire career. He said that if these two things are not on the body, they will have no bottom in their hearts and they will not be able to play to the level.

Some psychologists believe that the small superstitions like Terry belong to the individual's exclusive psychological construction method, which has a positive effect on people and can bring calm and confidence to people. Terry’s little superstition did not make him forget to work hard and play hard, without negative reaction. Similarly, a student who goes to burn incense and worship Buddha before the exam is praying for good grades. This is an aid to appease the soul. But it is no doubt that the burning of incense and worshipping Buddha can replace the cold window and get something for nothing.

Sometimes seeking a kind of spiritual sustenance is not superstition, wishing for a meteor, praying for the Buddha, praying for family and self to be disease-free, always happy and safe, probably everyone would want to do this. The human heart has both rational and irrational parts. Reason and emotion can coordinate symbiosis. We can accept small and superstitious letters, but we must reject unreasonable superstitions, be fascinated, and be faithful, so good. .
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