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"The way of the university, in Ming and Ming, in the people, is at the end." The university, although it has been different since ancient times, has always been regarded as a holy place of human spirit and a hall of knowledge inheritance. However, in a period of time, whether it was the weakening of party building in colleges and universities, or the corruption problems in the power departments such as enrollment and scientific research, it was revealed that colleges and universities were not pure land. The "ivory tower" needs more air and air. Since the advancement of the party, the profound changes have taken place in colleges and universities: the role of “probes” has been played – supervision from “soft ears” to “hard”

"The original intention of the design of the independent enrollment system is to recruit students with specialties through the 'green' channel, but after the result of 'mixing water', the result is that the CUBA national champion team's NPC men's basketball team slipped to the ninth in Beijing universities. Wu Fulai, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of the People's University of China and secretary of the Disciplinary Committee, recalled the chaos in the independent enrollment of the People's University in the past, and his tone was still somewhat resentful. In the first round of the 18th Central Committee in 2013, Renmin University was included in the inspection scope. When it was feedback, it pointed out that it had weak links in its independent enrollment. Since then, Cai Rongsheng, the director of the Admissions and Employment Division, has been investigated and punished for taking advantage of his position. "The teachers that Cai Rongsheng did have been reflected in the school, but no one has moved him. After the investigation, everyone clap their hands." A teacher from Renmin University told reporters.

Not only at Renmin University of China. Sun Hongpei, secretary of the Discipline Inspection Commission of Beijing Normal University, also said that the lack of supervision of the Disciplinary Committee of the University in the past was a common phenomenon. Although it was the reason of the Commission for Discipline Inspection itself, it was not unrelated to the big environment at that time. "Before I went to Beijing Normal University, I worked as a secretary of the Disciplinary Committee in another university. It was considered that the teacher's morality and ethics had been dealt with relatively early. But at the end of the year, the superiors had to deduct points for the assessment. The reason was that we had problems here. Explain that at the time, I felt that it was a ugly problem to find out the problem. I don’t think this is a performance of strict governance."

The feelings of the two disciplinary committee secretaries are also directly reflected in the inspection feedback. In the 12th round of the 18th Central Committee in 2017, the central government inspected the central government. In the inspections of Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University and other universities, it was pointed out that the Disciplinary Committee’s supervision and accountability was partial and soft. "The problem. There is no exception to the strict governance of the party in an all-round way. To reach out to colleges and universities, the party committee must take up the responsibility. The Commission for Discipline Inspection must “make it up” and perform its supervisory duties. The change is obvious to all. If the first nine levels of wind and waves are outside, and the wall of the university is just a wind and grass, the central inspection is a "wind and tide" and "glare scanning", which gives the university a "clear agent" and also gives the college disciplinary committee a "Strong heart".

After the central inspection, the universities that were inspected were rectified. In 2014, Renmin University of China stopped its self-enrollment for one year. The school’s Discipline Inspection Commission took the lead in filling the loopholes in system design, procedure regulation and supervision. Tongji University and Zhejiang University realized full coverage of the discipline inspection organization of the department. Commission for Discipline Inspection; Secretary of the Disciplinary Committee of Tsinghua University should talk to members of the school's leadership team every semester and regularly interview key person in charge of the department. At the same time, the universities inspected the central government and conducted internal inspections in separate rounds to further repair loopholes in school work. At the time of the reporter's interview, the Party Committee of Wuhan University was holding a report meeting, and all 116 issues discovered by the inspection team were reported to the Standing Committee of the Party Committee.

If we say that the inspection and rectification has strengthened the main responsibility of the party committee of the university and pushed the discipline inspection committee to the front of the station, then deepening the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision institution has further strengthened the college discipline inspection committee. In October last year, China Office issued the "Seeing on Deepening the Reform of the Organizational Supervisory Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection," one of which was to promote the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system in the middle school. The nomination, inspection and appointment of the secretary of the Disciplinary Committee of the Central University of China shall be carried out by the Central Disciplinary Committee and the party group of the competent department. "The changes after the reform are still quite large. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the local Commission for Discipline Inspection have strengthened the guidance of our work, which has enhanced the independence of our work and made it more detached." As the first secretary of the Disciplinary Committee of the University appointed by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Wuhan Wan Qingxiang, secretary of the Disciplinary Committee of the University.

The changes are also presented in the eyes of the Ministry of Education’s inspection team. Chen Wei, deputy director of the Inspection Office of the Ministry of Education, said: "When we conducted inspections at the 18th National Congress, many colleges and universities asked if we could go later. After the 19th National Congress, we asked if we could go early to help them find problems. Behind this is the change of their consciousness, and they began to welcome supervision.” “Actually, the secretary of the Party Committee and the Disciplinary Committee of the college also hope to use the 'Shangfang Baojian’ supervised by the superior organization to promote the problem of the old problem.” ——From the teachings to the infiltration of silence. “In the past, people often said that the university is the 'ivory tower'. If you let me compare it now, what do you like to compare the university?” When the reporter raised this question, the Ministry of Education’s thoughts Comrades think for a moment and answer - "the lock is not locked."

With the development of the times, the university has already been seamlessly connected with society. The hot spots in the society will soon become the core topic of campus discussion, and the social atmosphere will soon be scraped into the campus. The wind seems invisible and gradually becomes human. Whether colleges and universities are fluent and direct, directly affects the formation of students' values, and whether they can buckle the first button of their lives.

“A teacher is in the classroom, how do we say that the college entrance examination is more than 600 points? How can we report this school? Is our life choice wrong?” After a letter from a 1985 university president in the northwest received such a gloomy student, Angry, this reflects the chaos in the classroom teaching of some schools at that time - there are many faculty members who are open-minded, and those who have ulterior motives also have it. "There is no forbidden zone in academic research, discipline is taught in the classroom", the implementation of comprehensive requirements for strict management of the party, the supervision of classroom teaching content, the role of the teacher's morality committee and teaching supervision, and the phenomenon of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China have obviously improved. What is learned is responsibility and responsibility.

Jiangxi Yinzhou is China's main heavy rare earth producing area, with incomparable resources and industrial chain advantages, known as the "rare earth kingdom". From May 20th to 22nd, Chinese President Xi Jinping investigated relevant rare earth enterprises during the inspection period in Jiangxi Province, and made important instructions on promoting the green sustainable development of the rare earth industry. President Xi’s important speech has sparked heated debates on the development of China’s rare earth industry. Many Luzhou rare earth enterprises told the Global Times reporter that they have recently received a batch of media reporters, suppliers and investors, and the capital market is pouring in. "The whole industry has received unprecedented attention." At the same time, in the multinational media, there was a discussion about "China will not play rare earth cards in the trade war." The US media worried that the rare earth is the "trump card" against China against the United States. So, what is the development of the Luzhou Rare Earth Industry Chain? If the United States really forces China to play rare earth cards, what impact will this have on Chenzhou enterprises, and what impact will it have on the United States? With these questions, the "Global Times" reporter recently came to Ganzhou.

Jiangxi Luzhou, workers will form a rare earth powder code box. Li Weishe is moving closer to the high-end industrial chainUpon arrival in Zhangzhou, the name of the airport impressed the reporters of the Global Times. The Golden Airport seemed to imply the origin of the city and its mineral resources. There are dozens of rare earth companies, large and small, on the road leading to the city center. “There is a saying that 'there is a south-heavy light' in the industry, that is, the rare earth in Ganzhou is mainly the southern ion-type rare earth resource, rich in medium-heavy rare earth, the total content is rare and the use value is high, and it is played in the application of national defense industry and high-precision fields. An irreplaceable role.” Liu Yiqiang, deputy director of the R&D department of the National Tungsten and Rare Earth Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, told the Global Times that the light rare earth producing areas are mainly in Baotou, Inner Mongolia.

Rare earth is known as the "vitamin" of modern industry and can be used in petrochemical, optical fiber communication, hydrogen storage, metallurgy and other fields. In daily life, mobile phones, computers, new energy batteries, drones and other products are inseparable from the application of rare earths. “As far as the rare earth industry chain is concerned, Cangzhou has been more focused on the development of front-end industries such as mining, separation and extraction, smelting of rare earth metals and rare earth oxides. But now, we are moving to the back end, from resource classes to deep processing. Functional materials production and application level.” Yu Yu, general manager of Zhangzhou Fuerte Electronics Co., Ltd. told the Global Times that Ganzhou is gradually developing a supporting industrial chain from rare earth raw materials to magnetic materials to terminal applications.

According to Yu Yu, their company mainly produces rare earth NdFeB permanent magnet materials, which are the deep processing new materials produced in the middle and back end of the rare earth industry chain. The output value reached 130 million yuan last year. NdFeB permanent magnets are the most magnetic permanent magnet materials in the world and are called "Magnetic Kings". Fuerte's products are mainly used in electronic products, new energy motors and other fields, such as mobile phone vibration motors, smart meter magnetic induction relays, high-power industrial energy-saving motors. Sample booth of National Tungsten and Rare Earth Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center Li Wei Photographed by Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co., Ltd., located in the industrial park, has received much attention due to the visit of Chairman Xi. The industry believes that this company is also a microcosm of the turn of the rare earth industry in Zhangzhou, and its permanent magnet materials are widely used in wind power, automotive parts, energy-saving inverter air conditioners, robots and other fields.

“The product value of resources is relatively low, and product application is a relatively high value-added and profitable link.” Yu Yu told reporters that in order to move closer to the high-end industrial chain, Fuerte invested more than 5% of its annual income. Research and development, and cooperation with universities in Beijing and Jiangxi Province to develop new technologies for the production of rare earth permanent magnet materials. Today, the company has obtained 32 patents related to permanent magnet products. Talent cultivation and reserve are key

A person in charge of the marketing department of a large state-owned rare earth enterprise that did not want to be named told the Global Times reporter that there are about 30 or 40 rare earth enterprises specializing in the production of permanent magnet materials. In recent years, the government has introduced some encouraging policies. For example, land leases and tax incentives are introduced. The midstream and downstream companies are increasing at an annual rate of about 20%. “The industrial base of Zhangzhou is weak, and the terminal application is not particularly large. The supporting industrial chain of the application has not been pulled up.” The person in charge said that in the application of cutting-edge fields such as military industry and aerospace, the development level of rare earths in China is still behind. In the United States, Japan, etc.

Another rare earth company person used an example of a permanent magnet motor in an interview. At present, most of the domestic industrial fields use electric magnetic motors, and the permanent magnet motor market share accounts for only 5%. In some western developed countries, this ratio can reach 30%. "In terms of high-tech applications, China lacks basic theoretical research on materials," the source said. Cangzhou Fuerte Electronics Co., Ltd. employees are exhibiting rare earth magnetic products. In 2018, the scale of rare earth industry in Cangzhou accounted for 1/3 of the national total. The problem of insufficient high-end application is also a portrayal of China's rare earth industry. "There is still a problem of overcapacity in the field of permanent magnet materials. The market competition is fierce. Some enterprises are still not eating enough. How can we do high-end applications? We also started to do research and development after we gained a foothold in the past few years." Yu Yu said that despite this, companies must be determined to invest in high-end applications, "the old resources do not mean anything."

Liu Yiqiang told reporters that to improve the back-end technology, the most important thing is talent cultivation and reserve. Yu Yu said: "Most of the employees we recruit now are studying metallurgy or new materials. Although there are also graduate students in Jiangxi University who specialize in the direction of magnetic materials, this is still relatively small. We must find the right high-quality counterparts. It is very difficult for the top talents. I hope that the government level can attach importance to the introduction and cultivation of talents. If the export is restricted, the impact on the United States is “significant and long-term.” Under the background of Sino-US economic and trade friction, almost all the heads and reporters of Zhangzhou enterprises When it comes to China's rare earth resources, one word is used: strategic resources.

China is the world's largest exporter of rare earths. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China exported a total of about 53,000 tons of rare earths in 2018, with a total export value of about 3.39 billion yuan. According to another data, from 2014 to 2017, about 80% of the total US rare earth imports came from China. China's rare earth reserves account for 39% of the world's reserves. In the field of permanent magnet materials, the world's demand is 160,000 tons of rare earth per year, and China's annual supply can reach 140,000 tons.

In addition to the United States, the main export destinations of Luzhou rare earths include Japan, South Korea, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Liu Yiqiang said that in China's export products in the early years, there were more rare earth oxides and rare earth metals in the front end, and in recent years, it has basically turned to the back end products. "In the United States, Europe and other places, medium and heavy rare earths have certain applications in high-tech products, and they can really play a role in strategic containment. Since rare earth is an important means, we should make good use of it." Liu Yiqiang suggested that the government can Guiding opinions were issued on quotas and mining of related rare earth exports. Yu Yu also believes that China should protect strategic resources in view of the irreplaceability of medium and heavy rare earths in the fields of national defense and military industry.

"The United States also has rare earth resources, but it is basically a light rare earth resource. China holds this trump card, and the high-end industry of heavy rare earth has also been developed and utilized. Once this card is played, it will have an impact on the United States." People told the Global Times that if China restricts the export of permanent magnet materials to the United States, it may cause problems in Apple's supply chain. "Macro and mobile phone cameras, vibration motors, sensors, mobile phone panel polishing, etc. must use permanent magnet materials. In addition, many American car companies in the exhaust gas catalysis, power seat adjustment and other new energy motor drive materials, wiper Rare earth materials will be added. If China takes the shot, the impact on the United States will be significant and long-term." In the military field, the US "Patriot" missile guidance system, the M1 tank laser rangefinder, etc. also need rare earth.

Li Qiong, deputy general manager of Ganzhou Rare Earth Youli Technology Development Co., Ltd. told the Global Times that China has advantages that other countries cannot compare in terms of rare earth separation and extraction technology. The purity of rare earth separation in China has already exceeded 99.9999%. “Why is there a rare earth mine in the United States that cannot be done? Because the technology is in the hands of the Chinese.” The head of the marketing department of a large state-owned rare earth enterprise said that it will take at least three years for the US to rebuild the rare earth industry chain.

The person in charge told reporters that for China's rare earth industry, even if it does not export to the United States, it can go to other countries to open up the market. Moreover, the demand for domestic market is rising very fast. "In addition, if the demand from the United States declines, it may lead to a reduction in rare earth production, which means that the price may rise, which is also good for us. After all, the low price of the rare earth market will compress the profits of Chinese companies."

Recently, the relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission of China accepted an exclusive interview with the media on issues related to the development of rare earth industry: "If anyone wants to use the products we manufacture from the export of rare earths, it is used to curb the development of China, then I want to The people of the Central Plains Area of ​​South China and the Chinese people will be unhappy."
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